ombating Nuclear Terrorism: Federal Efforts to Respond to
Nuclear and Radiological Threats and to Protect Emergency Response
Capabilities Could be Strengthened. September 2006.
The Risk of Nuclear Terrorism and Next Steps to Reduce the Dnage (Bunn Testimony)Bun_Nuclear_Terr_Testimony_08.pdf (I put it as an attachments)
Zimmerman and Lewis, “The Bomb in the Backyard”the bomb in the backyard.pdf (I put it as an attachments)
4- I am an international student so please use a clear language and avoid the hard or uncommon words or expressions that usually be native speakers BUT this question must be answered completely and nicely without missing any part.. 5- The questions of week 5 are:1. How readily do you feel terrorists can acquire nuclear weapons?
2. In the eyes of the adversary, assess an operation of such on the homeland. Include tactic, target, damage assessment and casualties, and response expectations by emergency services.
THE RISK OF NUCLEAR TERRORISM – AND NEXT STEPS TO REDUCE THE DANGERTESTIMONY OFMATTHEW BUNNFOR THECOMMITTEE ON HOMELAND SECURITY AND GOVERNMENTAL AFFAIRSUNITED STATES SENATEAPRIL 2, 2008MR. CHAIRMAN AND MEMBERS OF THE COMMITTEE: It is an honor to be here today to talk about what I believe is among the most urgent threats to America’s security – the threat of nuclear terrorism. My message to you today is simple: the danger is real, but there are specific steps we can and must take that would greatly reduce the risk.The Lessons of PelindabaOn the night of November 8, 2007, two teams of armed men attacked the Pelindaba nuclear facility in South Africa, where hundreds of kilograms of weapon-grade highly enriched uranium (HEU) are stored. While one of the teams was chased off by site security forces, the other team of four armed men disabled the detection systems at the site perimeter, entered without setting off any alarm, and went to the emergency control center and shot a worker there in the chest. He then raised an alarm for the first time. This team spent 45 minutes inside the secured perimeter without ever being engaged by site security forces, and then disappeared through the same hole they had cut in the fence. No one on either team was shot or captured. South African officials later arrested three individuals, but soon released them without charge.1 The South African government has not released important details of its investigation of the attack and refused earlier U.S. offers to remove the HEU at Pelindaba or to help improve security at the facility.While we do not know that these attackers were after the HEU, this incident is nevertheless a potent reminder that inadequately secured nuclear material is a global problem, not one limited to the former Soviet Union. It is also a reminder that political heavy lifting will be needed to overcome the obstacles to sensitive nuclear security cooperation around the world. We urgently need a global campaign to ensure that every nuclear weapon and every cache of potential nuclear bomb material worldwide is secured against the kinds of threats terrorists and criminals have demonstrated they can pose – including two teams of armed attackers, possibly with cooperation from an insider.1 Micah Zenko, “A Nuclear Site is Breached: South African Attack Should Sound Alarms,” Washington Post, 20 December 2007. See also Rob Adam, “Media Briefing: Security Breach at Necsa on 08 November 2007,” Nuclear Energy Corporation of South Africa, 13 November 2007; Graeme Hosken, “Officer Shot as Gunmen Attack Pelindaba,” Pretoria News, 9 November 2007; Hosken, “Two Gangs of Armed Men Breach Pelindaba Nuclear Facility,” Pretoria News, 14 November 2007; Joel Avni, Gertrude Makhafola, and Sibongile Mashaba, “Raid on Site Planned,” The Sowetan, 14 November 2007.
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